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What Is The Role Of A Trade Union

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Most people have heard of trade unions, especially when they appear in the news in connection with teachers’ strikes and such matters, but quite often people do not fully understand the purpose of a trade union, who they represent, and the possible benefits of belonging to a trade union. Do you have to join a trade union? Will you be penalised by your employer if you do? How can a trade union help you? This article seeks to address some of these questions and takes a brief look into the overall role of trade unions.

A trade union is a membership organisation that seeks to help and protect its members in the working environment. Although trade union representatives try to establish and maintain good working relationships with employers – and indeed between their members and those members’ employers – most trade unions are independent of any specific employer.

A trade union will seek to help its members in a whole manner of situations. They may negotiate favourable pay and working conditions for their members and discuss and advice on any big changes taking place in the working environment (such as mass redundancy). They will also talk over with their members any concerns they may have about their working environment and help them to find a solution, accompany them in disciplinary matters and at employment tribunals and provide them with legal and financial advice where needed.

Trade unions may also provide protection and representation for their members outside of the workplace. For example, they may try and place pressure on the government or public bodies to make changes which will benefit their members or may seek to promote their members’ rights and objectives in other ways.

By law, an employer cannot penalise an employee for deciding to join a trade union, deciding not to join a trade union, or deciding to leave a union of which they were previously a member. The decision is entirely up to the employee and they must not be made to feel any pressure about their decision by their employer.

In conclusion, many workers join a trade union because they believe they will be able to negotiate better pay and terms and conditions, they will have access to training for new skills, they feel confident that they will have somebody to turn to – who has their best interests in mind – who will be able to help them with any problems at work. They are also attracted by the prospect of lifelong legal and financial advice that will be made available to them. If you are interested in a joining a trade union you should look for information in your work handbook or contact the TUC for details of your local union.

Copyright (c) 2011 Robert Gray

Using Public Short Ratio Or Psr To Trade

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Public Short Ratio (PSR), also known as non-member short ratio, can be a helpful indicator to trade stock markets. It is used by many traders to find trading opportunities and to predict market movements. Public short ratio is defined as the ratio between public short selling number and total short selling number.

PSR = Total public short sells/total short sells.

The PSR ratio is disclosed by markets on a daily basis. High PSR values shows that the public are more bearish and low PSR values shows the public are more bullish. Although the ratio itself is an easy-to-use indicator, most traders use this ratio as a 10 day moving average. This makes interpretations easier and offer better flexibility. 25% of moving average is taken as the crossing point. When ever the 10-day moving average is above 25%, the market is considered bullish and when ever the moving average is below 25%, the market is considered bearish. The more the ratio stays above/below the 25% level, the more the chance of market reversal.

The basic idea behind public short ratio is public or retail traders are the worst short sellers; when compared to institutional traders and exchange member short sellers. So it is a good strategy to buy whenever public short and sell whenever go. Although sounds awkward the strategy has a high success history, especially for swing traders and long-term traders.

Advantages of public short ratio include 1) its is simple and easy-to-use, 2) has a good success history, 3) it is suitable for most traders, 4) offer better results when combined with other indicators, 5) has support available in most trading platforms and 6) is scalable with user demands.

Disadvantages of PSR include 1) it is less effective of short-term traders like day traders, 2) there is a good amount of risk associated with it, 3) the strategy does not work always as there can be situations where public are right, 4) the strategy may not work in high-volatile markets and 5) is not so suited for novice traders, especially who are not certain about minimizing their downside risks and hedging their positions.

Iraqi Dinar Trade Offers Customers A Secure Method Of Buying Exotic Currencies

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Iraq might not be a well-reputed country politically, but it is one of the richest countries due to its resources like crude oil. This has brought a lot of investors in this country from different corners of the world. Still, the currency of Iraq id troubled situation and remains in exotic status. Most of the people in Iraq have lost their faith in dinar currency but to some foreign speculators, it promises great returns. As Iraq re-evolution is expected to happen, which will improve the situations. Foreign Exchange experts and well-know economists agree that the currency of Iraq is poised for a comeback. All these conclusions are based on the fact that the economy in Iraq is projected to recover by 2013.

As the world is facing shortage of oil, the price of crude oil increasing and it is expected to play a part in the recovery of the Iraqi dinar’s value. This recovery of Iraq economic condition is expected to be responsible for a surge in the value of the exchange rate of dinar. It is calculated that the value of dinar will increase and soon one dollar will be equal to three Iraqi dinars. Owing to these factors, Iraqi dinar trade is on boost and gathering many foreign investors in search of heavy returns. The increases in the value of Iraqi dinar will automatically the interest in dinar trade.

There are many online dealers who give a good platform to all the investors looking for online dinar trade. But before investing your hard earned money, you should do a thorough research online do find reliable online dealer. There are also a lot of fraud dealers available online, who can easily loot all your money without any guarantee of returns. One should always choose the dealer with 100 % authentication and certified from the required government bodies.

Not only Iraqi Dinar, but also Chinese Yuan, Vietnamese Dong, the Hong Kong Dollar and several other currencies are considered as trouble currencies and expected to get re-evaluation soon. You can easily buy all these currencies from the online dealers. Among all of them, Dinar is considered as the most profitable currencies to invest in. You can easily buy and sell dinar online in just a couple of clicks. If you are also interested in buying, selling and exchanging dinar online, there are various online dealers who offer you the opportunity to make secure payment online.

Using Promotional Fish Bowls At A Trade Show

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The old saying Never leave home without it applied to a credit card but it may as well have been about promotional fish bowls. These containers have so many functions, they are a must for the seasoned exhibitor. Storage, advertising, giveaway holders, lead capturersthey do it all and much more. Whenever you are looking for an inexpensive way to get noticed, pack these little dynamos.

Chances are, several marketing freebies are being taken to the trade show. USB drives, keychain hand sanitizers, and mini flashlights are a few of the hot items this year. Rather than having them strewn all over the table in the booth, keep them in fish bowl containers silk screened with the company logo. Attendees can easily grab what they want without spilling the other items onto the floor.

Having a few contests almost guarantees that your booth will be a trade show hit. Keep contest entries organized by having attendees place them in the fish bowl at the booth. As soon as they see the attractive container, they will associate your company with quality. These bowls come in many shapes and sizes and taking the time to personalize them with the company logo shows the business pays attention to every detail.

The whole point of exhibiting at a trade show is to increase sales. Keeping all those business cards organized is no easy task. As soon as you receive one, make some brief notes on the back regarding the conversation with the prospect. Store the cards in a lidded fish bowl behind the booth table. If booth contents are moved during the night or when packing up, others can identify the owner simply by looking at the logo imprinted on the side of the bowl.

Fish bowls are also excellent containers for advertising materials. Postcards and coupons are small and lightweight so the slightest gust of wind can make them fall off the booth table. Rather than picking these up every time someone walks by, store them in fish bowls and encourage people to grab a few when they visit the booth.

With promotional fish bowls packed in the exhibit booth shipment, exhibitors will never be searching for a container. These hold free promotional items, advertising, contest entries, and prospect business cards and the imprinted logo makes them look professional. Their durable plastic construction ensures they will be around as a trusty exhibit booth assistant for many years.

Use Furniture Trade Shows Effectively For Improving Your Office Furniture Sales

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Office furniture trade shows are of considerable value to office furniture manufacturers, distributors, and dealers. They allow them to successfully advertise their office furniture products to their target customers and to inspire, motivate, and persuade them to buy from them.

However, like all marketing techniques, this one too requires adequate planning and a thought out approach if it is to yield the desired business results. If you are keen to participate in office furniture trade shows and exhibitions to improve your office furniture sale, you must first carry out extensive research about the various trade shows and exhibitions that are going to place in your city/region, as well as those in other parts of the world.

Find out complete details about the office furniture trade shows in the currect year, including the number of visitors and exhibitors that are expected , the number that were present the last year, who were the major industry players that attended the exhibition, what were the key highlights of the exhibition then and now.

To improve your office furniture sales, you must choose to participate in those trade shows and exhibitions which are especially popular and which attract a large number of exhibitors and visitors. Such office furniture trade shows can give you amazing opportunities to market your office furniture products to a significantly large number of people. Improved market visibility means higher prospects for your office furniture sales.

If you want your office furniture sales to be successful , you must carefully plan those actions required for before, during, and after the show You can arrange to have some pamphlets, brochures, and flyers printed for distribution to the trade show visitors. Give them your business cards and take down the contact details of those who show interest in your office furniture. Contact them right after the trade show to influence them further to buy from you.

Decorating your office furniture trade show booth attractively, distributing promotional gift items, and offering special for-show only discounts and offers, are some other means that will help improve your office furniture sales during the office furniture trade shows.

However, if you want professional advice and consultancy for improving your office furniture sales, you can visit jsacs.com It is the website of one of the best office furniture consultancy firms in the UK for office furniture dealers, office furniture distributors, manufacturing companies, designers, and wholesalers who want to grow their office furniture business.

Franchise Business Opportunities And Food In India

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Expanding of business at the same time involving interested entrepreneurs in the same has of late gained big momentum. Opening of chain outlets or stores no doubt add to the extensive market presence and an enhanced brand identity. But that involves a good amount of investment besides liability and other factors associated. This is where a franchise business comes into play. Franchising, the practice of using another firm’s successful business model, had been at a nascent stage for quite some time. Today, it is not only in India but also across the world that franchise business is gaining impetus. Offering franchise business opportunities, concerned companies not only see their business expand even beyond geographical boundaries but also get returns. No investment, no maintenance, no liabilities! The franchisor’s success is the success of the franchisees.

Explore the various segments where franchise business opportunities are offered, consider your interests and accordingly choose the right company. If you choose a reputed name, you can look forward towards making some big money in no time. Building a brand rapport takes time and when you get a brand the rapport of which is already built you do experience a win-win situation. You can opt going for a food franchise. Of course, you will have to invest for the set-up, food processing equipments, follow space and food menu conditions followed by the parent group, pay royalty, pay part of income generated and more. Compared to other segments, you need not invest big in a food franchise. You will have to consider the location. The better the location, the more lucrative will be your food franchise chosen.

When we speak of food in India, we cannot think of a counted few items. There are countless food items specific to each region; most of you must have not yet explored the regional food in the towns and villages of each state. Start exploring, especially if you are a travel freak and love exploring cultures. You will be surprised at the countless delicacies with each dish tasting different. Well, food in India commonly offered in the restaurants is same in the menu no matter which part of the country you visit. It can be South Indian food or North Indian food. And again food in India is not only limited to meals; there are sweets, snacks, chaat, namkeen, vegetable snacks, and more.

Those who have tasted South Indian food never let the taste disappear from their palate. Whether it is breakfast or lunch or dinner or supper, they would love to have any of the South Indian food items to appease their appetite. Right from plain dosa, masala dosa, onion rawa masala, rawa plain dosa, rawa masala dosa to plain uttapam, vada sambhar, mixed uttapam, sambhar idli, etc. you have a myriad range of options in the menu to choose from! It is not only in South India but across the country that you will find South Indian food in the restaurants.

Risk Factors In International Trade

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Although process automation facilitates better management international trade risks, latent risks still exist. Implementation of technologies not withstanding, international trade risks need to be managed in real time and on a totalitarian basis. The first of such risks is ramifications the slump in US economy can instill due to housing market crash. Volatility of financial markets with renewed oil market threats could trigger inflation and hikes in interest rates. The third most significant risk is the heightened scrutiny of exports due to security concerns, which makes managing international trade risks harder.

On the other hand, exporters’ risks include insolvency of the importer, protracted default in which the importer fails to pay off the due within the legal period after the due date and risk of rejection. On a far sight, export ban, possibilities of war, changes to the law/tariff or even confiscation of importers’ properties also count as major possible risks in an international trade.

-Possible Steps to International Trade Risk Mitigation

International banks provide with expert support and service to conduct international trade and international transactions rather safely.

Getting paid in an international trade is a different thing due to a number of factors that influence it. One must note that no amount of planning can entirely eliminate the payment risks in international trade and carefully resorting to your preferred mode of payment and hedging the risks besides securing proper credit insurance and credit checks on your customers before engaging with your trading partner is the safest way out.

-Regional Trade Organizations

International trade related disputes are resolved by the World Trade Organization which is a multilateral agency because it sets the rules that govern the global trading. There exist a few regional trade organizations but regulative powers are limited with them. Some quarters have raised fears that regional trade organizations can be used against them, which on the contrary has contributed to a messier situation.

-Availing Credit Can Help Mitigate Some Risks

One way to safeguard international trade is via credit insurance policy with multiple covers such as the potential insolvency through which the customer provides reimbursement, although to a limit. Products like Bills for Collection (BC) and Letters of Credit (LC) come in very handy in international trade situations. An LC is a bank-to-bank commitment of payment favoring the exporter and guaranteeing the payment against presentation of certain compliant documents. Both BC and LC are governed by regulations from ICC.

An Unfading American Choice About Pizza Franchise Opportunities

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The pizza industry is just one of among the most lucrative business in the U.S.; with a consolidated earnings of over $40 billion this 2013. The sector additionally never looks to have a lack of customers, with an average of about 90 percent of all Americans enjoying pizza approximately once a month. No matter if you’re preparing to start a little something fresh or to capitalize on the popularity of a specified brand, terrific pizza franchise opportunities could be made better by grasping these quick tips:

Make Thorough Assessments. .

Capital is a significant matter when taking up a franchise business, and this incorporates the monetary resources and real estate important to sustain a business locally. When it comes to any food business, on the other hand, connectivity to ample materials of high-quality ingredients is equally as crucial, so you’ll ought to consider shipping and storage costs accordingly. Lastly, you’ll ought to look at the franchise area, local climate conditions, and market demographics to decide on the viability of the enterprise.

Do Your Homework.

Previous to consigning to any business judgment, analyze the several franchise prospects available so you can pick the best option. After all, it is certainly never a good idea to follow your intuition on its own; you also ought to make an enlightened and experimental examination of any business opportunity. Learn about the licensing terms and your fiscal responsibilities as a franchisee so you’ll know exactly what is anticipated of you.

For instance, you may be called for to invest in equipment and materials solely from the franchisor. If you might, talk with other franchisees and request their guidance. It also never hurts to check the franchise’s details against the Better Business Bureau (BBB) or the Small Business Administration (SBA).

Get Everything in Writing.

It may not be wise to choose a disclosure record or a contract proposal. Some franchise deals may also involve commitments that are not written in the contract. If a franchiser is hesitant to even put such words on paper, then that must give you reconsiderations.

Food is a basic necessity, and new franchise opportunities for pizza just about never have to deal with lowered demand. When entering into a likely prosperous business venture like this, nevertheless, it is always wise to tread with care. Browse through the SBA’s quick guideline for acquiring franchises at:. sba.gov/content/franchise-businesses

Obtaining Pet Store Franchise

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If you really love animals, and being around them, what you can do is have your own pet store. The advantage of having your own pets store is that you are surrounded by animals which you love, and make money at the same time. Plus, you can save, because you can now get pet supplies for your own pets at a cheaper price. The next thing to think about is whether to start from scratch or just acquire a pet store franchise.
To Franchise or Not to Franchise
Before jumping into any conclusions as to which is the better way to go, you must survey your options. Weigh the pros and cons of building a pet store from starting from scratch or obtain a pet store franchise. Sometimes starting from scratch is a lot more difficult than obtaining a pet store franchise.
If you decide to start from scratch there are a lot of things to consider. You have to identify which type of pets you want your pet store to carry. There a lot of animals, so you need to narrow down your options. Think of the area on which your pet store will be situated. Realize your target market and base your choice of animals on the sell ability of that type of pet in that type of area.
Next thing is you have to know whether you will also stock your store with pet supplies, like dog food, fish food and other pet store supplies. Another thing is advertising will you be able to advertise your store to gain enough followers. The good thing about going with a pet store franchise is that you will be bringing an established name, and with it the advertising needed, and also the product name and the products itself. You will have a sort of manual, a guide on how to run your pet store.
So if you want to purchase a pet store franchise it’s a good thing to remember that you have to know the specifics of that certain company’s business franchise information. Pet store franchising involves a lot of research on your part as the franchiser.
Before getting hold of a pet store franchise, there will be a franchise agreement between you and the franchise center. A franchise agreement generally outlines all the franchise information like what rights you have, what are the rules and regulations, and the relationship between you and the mother company.
As the procurer of the pet store franchise the franchise agreement also contains the information of what you are allowed to sell, the advertising inclusions, the degree of uniformity and the parameters to which you can operate. If this all sounds a bit confusing, you can always go to a franchise lawyer.

Understanding The Ins And Outs Of A Coffee Franchise

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Owning a coffee franchise can be a very rewarding experience, but before you sign on the dotted line and start serving hot cups of ‘joe’, there’s certain things you need to know so you can make the right decision. If you go into buying a coffee franchise blindly, you could end up making a very costly mistake.

First things first, get a reality check. You should know going in what kind of money you have to put towards a coffee franchise, you should understand your strengths and weaknesses in running a business and be very honest with yourself about how much time you’re willing to spend in your business. If you do this, you’ll be way ahead of the curve. Don’t jump into any decision. Take your time, consult with franchise experts and do your due diligence.

The attractive thing about owning a coffee franchise is the cash flow and profit margin. People are drinking coffee today like it’s going out of style and they are happily paying upwards of $3 per cup. The real cost of the coffee is under $.25. The profit margins with coffee are HUGE! On the contrary, only making a few bucks per cup isn’t going to get you a mansion in Beverly Hills. A Coffee franchise is 100% a volume business. You have to crank out thousands of cups per month to see any real income. Some of the most successful coffee franchises have drive-thrus which can make up to 70% of the revenues.

The real secret of a coffee franchise is NOT the coffee, but the atmosphere. People can get coffee anywhere, but they come to these shops because of the social element. They come to hang out, conduct business, surf the web, relax, read a book, whatever. That’s why so many coffee franchises have the relaxing and mellow look and feel to them.

However, there are things about a coffee franchise that aren’t so fun from the very start. First, the high start-up costs can be huge. Not only will you have to pay a hefty franchise fee, but then you have to get a location, you’ll have to get equipment, you’ll have inventory to get, fixed costs, variable costs, employee wages and on and on. The costs can be high. Don’t forget about the royalty fees that are based on gross revenues, not net profits.

Now even if you are financially capable of buying the coffee franchise, that won’t matter because there are more pre-qualifiers you must meet. You’re going to need a considerable net worth, a good credit history but the real challenge is that you have to get approval to buy the franchise. If they don’t like you, they won’t sell you a franchise.